Professor Ken N. Kuo: Taipei Medical University
Professor Chieh-Feng Chen, Taipei Medical University
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become one of the main problems in healthcare. NCDs kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. Every year, more than 15 million people between the ages of 30 and 69 die from NCDs on average. Cardiovascular disease accounts for the majority of NCD deaths, 17.9 million per year, followed by cancer (9.3 million), respiratory disease (4.1 million), and diabetes (1.5 million). Therefore, how to prevent NCDs and improve the quality of medical care have become important issues in contemporary health and welfare. (https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases)
The United Nations General Assembly announced 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) in September 2015, including poverty eradication, eradication of hunger, gender equality, sustainable consumption and production patterns, etc., as well as 169 sub-targets. It serves as the directions for every country globally in promoting sustainable development before 2030. Health promotion is an essential key issue in achieving these 17 sustainable development goals.
In the current PubMed search, there are more than 4,000 published articles related to United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, especially after 2015, the number of articles has increased rapidly. Among them, there are more than 100 systematic reviews, covering the topics of cancer, chronic disease treatment, women’s disease, health knowledge dissemination, medical resource allocation, and various fields. Detailed analysis of the existing scientific literatures can lead to better knowledge in relevant medical contexts.
Evidence-based knowledge translation (KT) is a discipline that has gradually emerged in recent years. It mainly explores how to transform the explosive growth of scientific knowledge into the substantial improvement in the quality of medical care. The important knowledge tools for knowledge translation are meta-analysis and continuous quality improvement (CQI).
Cochrane Taiwan is the only representative institution of The Cochrane in Taiwan and has been researching advanced meta-analysis for many years. Cochrane is an observer organization of the World Health Organization (WHO) and responsible for the task of promoting global health care, especially in the aspect of resource distribution to eliminate health inequity, which is its focus for a long time.
The purpose of this project is to explore the context of systematic reviews and meta-analysis in contemporary literatures through the framework and method of evidence-based knowledge translation, to establish the way of health care that can improve non-communicable diseases (NCDs), to improve the quality of medical care, and to provide Taiwanese medical care a reference guide for the policymaking.
Through the analysis model of evidence-based medicine, the medical actions that can achieve the goal of NCD control in SDGs of the United Nations.
Find out how to improve the care of non-communicable diseases, improve the quality of medical care, provide reference guidelines for Taiwan’s medical policy formulation, and hopefully shape a specific action plan in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.