新冠肺炎確診案例,因病死亡1,116例,目前仍不清楚2019-nCoV疫情是會像2003年SARS疫情演變成全球盛行,或是止於地區流行,當務之急是研發有效的診斷工具、藥物與疫苗;此外,如何過濾散播於社群網站的不實報導也是國際衛生組織要面臨的一大挑戰。隨者人畜共通新興傳染病發生頻率增加,做好大規模流行性傳染的因應措施,應是國際衛生組織優先的議題。

(財團法人國家衛生研究院 蔡慧如博士摘要整理)

Yet again, the world is experiencing a global viral epidemic of zoonotic origin. As of Feb 12, 45 204 confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and 1116 deaths had been reported in 25 countries. The majority of cases and, at the time of writing, all but one death have been in China, despite efforts in the country to halt transmission through shutting down transport, quarantining entire cities, and enforcing the use of face masks. International flights have been cancelled and affected cruise ships quarantined. At this stage, it is unclear whether the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 outbreak will run its course, as SARS-CoV did in 2003, or will become an endemic cause of viral pneumonia.
In our January issue we announced the formation of The Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission on Preparedness for Emerging Epidemic Threats. The Commission will revisit global preparedness planning and assumptions underlying agreements such as the International Health Regulations. It aims to account for new challenges in preparing for and responding to infectious disease outbreaks. These challenges, which are political and institutional, social, environmental, technological, and pathogen-related, are being brought to the foreground by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.

Author:The Lancet Infectious Diseases
原始連結:https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(20)30072-4/fulltext

By LL