隨著新冠肺炎疫情在歐美國家逐漸嚴峻,過去一兩個月,已出現對亞裔民眾零星的排外攻擊行為;在過去歷史中,因流行病的蔓延而導致的種族排外現象,主要因為流行病蔓延與經濟衝擊密不可分,尤其近年來,中國在國際間的經濟影響力逐漸重要;新冠肺炎疫情爆發以來,影響層面不單只在中小企業,連大企業也無法避免;目前,新冠肺炎疫情於歐美國家尚未控制,已對全球經濟造成衝擊之際,過去以歐美國家為中心,排外情節保護主義的思維,不會對嚴峻的情勢有所幫助。因此,隨著新冠疫情從亞洲移轉到歐美的同時,應對經濟衝擊做好因應措施,並應避免排外的非理性攻擊行為產生。

(財團法人國家衛生研究院 蔡慧如博士摘要整理)

As a historian and medical sociologist, I have been studying the histories of international responses to epidemic events and what they can tell us about the nature of power, economics, and geopolitics. A historical understanding of the international regulations for containing the spread of infectious diseases reveals a particular focus on controls that have protected North American and European interests.

In the past months, there have been xenophobic attacks on people of Asian descent connected to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and precipitous losses in global stock exchanges and risk of recession. Most reports have treated these as separate phenomena: considering one to be a cultural consequence of epidemic fears run rampant and the other to be the impact of the pandemic on global trade. Yet if one pauses to consider the history of the global management of pandemic disease threats, epidemics and global commerce have been inextricably related. Part of this history is the role of xenophobic responses to infectious disease threats. The xenophobia that has occurred in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic can be situated in a longer history that dates back to 19th-century epidemics and the first international conventions on controlling the spread of infectious diseases.

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Author:Alexandre I Rwhite
原文連結:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673620307376?via%3Dihub