新冠肺炎全球大流行至今,已造成全球138國家的全國性學校的停課,然而此措施影響全球80%的學童,尤其是來自弱勢家庭的孩童;主要的因素為:一、學校停課造成營養午餐停止供應,可能導致其營養不足影響健康;二、影響其受教權,雖一些學校採用線上教學的方式來彌補不足,然而弱勢家庭的孩童可能因家中硬體設備不足,或網路不穩定,使其無法全程參與;決策者和校方目前所面臨的兩大挑戰為:一、如何滿足弱勢家庭的學童營養和學習的需求;二、當疫情減緩時,地方政府如何滿足其教材方面的物資需求,決策者如何提供其家庭一定程度的經濟援助,中央及地方政府應謹慎思考因新冠肺炎全球大流行所帶來的健康危害,以及對弱勢家庭所造成的長期社會經濟的困境。

(財團法人國家衛生研究院 蔡慧如博士摘要整理)

While coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to spread across the globe, many countries have decided to close schools as part of a physical distancing policy to slow transmission and ease the burden on health systems. The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization estimates that 138 countries have closed schools nationwide, and several other countries have implemented regional or local closures. These school closures are affecting the education of 80% of children worldwide. Although scientific debate is ongoing with regard to the effectiveness of school closures on virus

transmission,1 the fact that schools are closed for a long period of time could have detrimental social and health consequences for children living in poverty, and are likely to exacerbate existing inequalities. We discuss two mechanisms through which school closures will affect poor children in the USA and Europe.

Author:Wim Van Lancker,Zachary Parolin
原文連結:https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30084-0/fulltext